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The Roman Pantheon: The Triumph of Concrete

Research by David Moore, P.E.

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The Roman Pantheon includes information on ancient construction technology

The Roman Pantheon:
The Triumph of Concrete

David Moore, PE

Seven Chapters, 239 pages
Over 115 figures, 7 in color

8.5" x 11.0" x 5/8"
Finger/Comb bound (to lay flat)
or solid bound.  Clear plastic 
cover sheet with solid plastic back.

$25 each book plus shipping

I am making my manuscript available to those in the scientific community who are interested in Roman concrete, Roman engineering, Roman construction practices or ancient concrete. While traditional publishers have not been interested in the work, I argue there is something for everone:  the configuration of the Pantheon including its cracks, pictures of Roman tools, the workers who built Rome including its architects, ancient construction practices, complete analysis of Roman concrete correlated to features of modern concrete, and seven color pictures to support the text.  See the Table of Contents below for more details.  Click here for an overview of the book.

I am providing this book in its current form without profit; it will be distributed through this web site only for the cost of reproduction and postage ($25 plus shipping).  If you want a copy, fill out our secure order form, send an email to sales@romanconcrete.com, or call Office Outlet in Pinedale, Wyoming, USA at 1-307-367-6763.  This limited, custom printing is intended to expand the individual's research in the subject, at only the cost of materials and shipping.  Your satisfaction is 100% guaranteed, if you are not satisfied for any reason, return the book via regular US Mail and you will be reimbursed for your costs plus the return postage.

It is a window showing Roman construction in all its glory and detail. Later, I will consider printing it by chapters if there is a need.  What do I receive from this?..the pleasure of passing on my work to those who will enjoy it.

The book is also available at the British Museum, Oxford University, University of Kent (UK), and the University of Guam.  See the resources page for more details and an annotated bibliography of all the references cited in the book.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Chapter I THE PANTHEON
    General
    Configuration
    Pantheon Sections
        Foundation
        Wall
        Dome
    Structural Evaluation

Chapter II HISTORY AND PEOPLE
    Discovery of Concrete
        Modern Concrete
        Ancient Roman Concrete
    The Roman Architect
        Elementary Education
        Professional Training
        Architectural Design
    The Roman Surveyor
    The Legion Engineers

Chapter III LIME AND KILNS
    Antiquity
    Chemistry of Lime
    Building Stone of Rome
    Burning Practices
    Slaking of Quicklime
    Lime Kilns
    Function of the Kilns

Chapter IV CLAY PRODUCTS AND MORTAR
    Ancient History of Brick
    Description of Roman Brick
    Building Practices
    Clay Deposits
    Classification of Clay
    Brick and Pozzolan
    Influence of Heat
    Ancient Mortar

Chapter V IDENTIFYING THE ROMAN CONCRETE
    Background
    Location of Pozzolan Deposits
    Ancient Authors
    Cato the Censor
    Vitruvius
        Sand
        Lime
        Pozzolan
        Walls
        Foundations
        Harbor Works
        Floors
        Cisterns
    Pliny the Elder
        Walls
        Floors
        Cisterns
        Compacted Earth
        Pozzolan
        Sand
        Lime
    Statius
    Emperor Julian
    Modern Viewpoints
        Aqua Virgo Aqueduct
        Anio Vetus Aqueduct
        Aqua Marcia Aqueduct
        Aqua Claudia Aqueduct
        Aqua Alexandrina Aqueduct
        Caesarea Aqueduct

Chapter VI POZZOLAN-LIME BEHAVIOR
    Concrete Composition
    Pozzolan Materials
    Chemistry of Concrete
    Silica
        Atomic Linkage
        Crystalline Silica
        Amorphous Silica
    Chemical Behavior
        Chemical Terms
        A Criteria for Reaction
        Chemistry of Reaction
        Bonding Gel
    Surface Area
    Compaction
    Water Voids
    Pozzolan-Lime Reaction
    Activity Evaluation
        Chemical Analysis
        Optical Studies
        Solubility Testing
        Lime Absorption
        Strength Testing

Chapter VII ANCIENT CONSTRUCTION TECHNOLOGY
    Structures of Rome
    Roman Contractors
    Labor Force
    Metallurgy
    Material Procurement
    Construction Tools and Equipment
        Striking Tools
        Cutting and Piercing Tools
        Lifting Devices
        Fasteners
        Scaffolding
    Ancient Mortar
        Ancient References
        Modern Viewpoints
        Criteria of the Mixture
        Quality of Lime
        Consistency of the Mortar
        Measuring and Mixing
        Compaction
        Forms
        Vapor Seal
    Foundations
    Stone and Concrete Walls
    Trusses and Vaults
    Other Practices

References 


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